Following up on Zita's recent contribution on Ebola, Sura has forwarded some facts gleaned from medical information websites such as Medline, Medicine Net, Medscape and those of international health agencies such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) regarding symptoms, transmission and management of the disease.
Since Ebola is a viral haemorrhagic disease like Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF ) which is widely prevalent in Sri Lanka, Sura's update may be of interest to our colleagues based in Sri Lanka and elsewhere in the world.
EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE
- Blood or Body fluids that may contain ebolaviruses. This include saliva, mucus, vomit, feces, sweat, tears, breast milk, urine and semen. of a person who is sick with Ebola
- virus contaminated needles, syringes etc
- infected fruit bats or primates (apes and monkeys)
- The fluids in question are primarily vomit and diarrhea, which develop as Ebola infection progresses .Most people spread the virus through blood, feces and vomit.
Ebola virus has not been reported to be transmitted through sweat
Ebola is not spread through the air, by water, or in general, by food.
The bodies of deceased Ebola-infected persons are highly infectious Therefore disposal of a dead body is of paramount importance.
Timeline of Infection
Diagnostic tests available
Within a few days after symptoms begin
Later in disease course or after recovery
Retrospectively in deceased patients
.The World Health Organization gave a green light to the use of experimental drugs to combat the Ebola outbreak in West Africa
Who is at risk Healthcare providers caring for Ebola patients and family and friends in close contact with Ebola patients are at the highest risk of getting sick because they may come in contact with the blood or body fluids of sick patients.
Protective measures recommended by CDC include
use of personal protective equipment (to block splashes or other contact with infected materials),